I. Analysis of the layout and characteristics of plastic products industry
The plastic products industry has obvious regional distribution, and its main production areas are concentrated in the southeast coast of China. In 2018, production of plastic products was concentrated in Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fujian, Hubei, Anhui, Sichuan, Henan, Shandong and Hebei provinces, according to official data. Guangdong Province produced the most, 10.021.3 million tons, or 16.59 percent, followed by Zhejiang Province, with 8.034.7 million tons, or 13.3 percent. The highest growth rate was in Fujian province, with output of 4.4954 million tons, up 16.1 percent year on year, followed by Anhui Province, with output of 4.0501 million tons, up 12.76 percent year on year. Henan Province had the lowest year-on-year growth rate, with output of 2.6693 million tons, up-11.79 percent, followed by Hebei Province, with output of 1.7652 million tons, up-7.63 percent. (figure 1, Table 1)
Guangdong province’s output of plastic rods and tubes, plastic packing boxes and containers, daily-use plastic products and other plastic products ranks first in the country, mainly in Chenghai toy plastic products, Chaozhou daily-use plastic products, Jieyang Office plastic products; The production of plastic film and synthetic leather in Jiangsu Province is the first in China, and the production of plastic profiles in Liaoning Province continues to be the first in China after 2010 Shandong province’s agricultural film, plastic woven products ranks first in the country.
The plastic industry has grown in various regions to varying degrees. Statistical analysis shows that provinces where the plastic processing industry was relatively weak in the past, such as Hunan, Hainan, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia and other places, since 2012, the output of plastic products has increased by more than 50% , but the pattern of uneven regional distribution has not changed much High Energy consumption, low processing technology, labor-intensive products gradually flow to the less developed areas.
Guangdong, Zhejiang, Jiangsu and Shandong provinces are the provinces with developed plastic industry in China. Plastics processing enterprises in these areas, whether in quantity or in the output of products are among the forefront of the country. According to statistics, there are 4,484 enterprises engaged in the production of plastic products in Guangdong Province, 2,353 in Shandong Province, 5,795 in Zhejiang Province, 3,666 in Jiangsu Province, and 16,298 processing enterprises in the four provinces, accounting for 47.62 percent of the total.
Plastic packaging, building plastics, daily use of plastic consumer goods is a large plastic products industry in 3 sub-industries. With the rapid development of the national economy, the plastic industry will be driven to further development and upgrading. The distribution of the plastic industry is related to the economic development level of various regions in China, the level of consumption regions, the construction of key projects, the supporting functions of industries, the supply and demand of labor force and quality, the coverage of the radius of raw material supply, and the special needs of downstream products But the most important thing is the market supply and demand of the products for it. Where the market is, the plastic products will appear. The layout of the plastic industry will shift to meet the changes in market supply and demand. As the market demand continues to rise, it will rise The contents of upgrading include the improvement of processing technology, advanced equipment, the function of raw materials used, and the high quality of labor force.
At present, China has gradually formed Guangdong Gaoming, Zhejiang Lishui, Wenzhou, Fujian Fuding and other synthetic leather production bases, Ruian and Suqian plastic film production bases, huidong County, Shantou, Sucheng District, Cixi City, Laizhou, Linyi, Wangdu and other plastic recycling bases, Wangdu and Wangdu, the commodity production base of Wangdu, and the Ningbo engineering plastic production base, wenzhou, Zibo, Cui County, Linyi plastic weaving production base. In the process of market economy development, these bases have gradually formed industrial clusters with distinctive products, raised the Concentration ratio, led the related industries to form industrial chains, and pushed investment and employment to the downstream industries to better serve the regional economic development.
Ⅱ. Where the leading plastics industry is concentrated
Plastic products are concentrated in the Yangtze River Delta, Taizhou, Huangyan District, and Yuyao City. These two places have a long time to do the plastic, technology and supporting services are ahead of other peers but still do not reach some of Guangzhou’s advanced technical level. Features, Huangyan District to mold, plastic daily necessities, such as the main Wenling and Yuhuan County valves. Yuyao City to plastic raw materials and other supporting services more, mainly in Ningbo and other foreign trade orders, technology slightly higher than Taizhou. But this year, the plastic industry in Taizhou has developed rapidly, especially in the domestic market, where most of the plastic products are produced in Taizhou. In addition, Zhejiang’s Yiwu and other places in recent years by the original procurement of plastic products from elsewhere into industrial companies, more famous such as plastic Straw boss-double Children Company.
Guangdong province is the concentration of plastic products production enterprises, toys, electronics, communications equipment, computers, shoes and other production base countless. Guangdong has become a “processing base” in China as manufacturers of finished goods in places such as Hong Kong, Taiwan and Japan move their factories to southern China.
In 2003, Guangdong Province had 1,535 enterprises above the scale of plastic products, including 41 state-owned and state-holding enterprises, 173 collective enterprises, 852 foreign-invested and Hong Kong, Macao and taiwan-invested enterprises, 9 joint-stock cooperative enterprises and 460 other enterprises. 350,700 employees. The province’s plastic products enterprises are located in various cities, more concentrated in the Pearl River Delta and coastal areas. Of these, 280 are in Canton, 175 in Shenzhen, 69 in Zhuhai, 11 in Shantou, 59 in Shaoguan, 59 in Huizhou, 9 in Shanwei, 173 in Dongguan, 158 in Dongguan, 97,220,220,11,24 in Zhuhai, 14 in Shantou, 27 in Huizhou, 27 in Shanwei, 173 in Dongguan, 158 in Dongguan, 97,220 in Dongguan, 22 in Dongguan, 11 in Dongguan, 24,27 in Huizhou, 27 in Dongguan, 105 in Huizhou, 200 in Dongguan, 2000 in Dongguan, 2000 in Dongguan, 2000 in Dongguan, 2000 in Dongguan, 2000.
In 2018, according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics of the People’s Republic of China, the total value of export deliveries made by enterprises in the plastic products industry nationwide was 230.935 billion yuan, up 7.21 percent year on year, slightly higher than the 7.1 percent increase in the national export of goods in 2018 The year-on-year growth rate of each sub-industry is positive, and the target of stable and positive import and export is well achieved.
Of which, the highest value of export deliveries was made of plastic parts and other plastic products, with a value of 93.401 billion yuan, accounting for 40.44% , followed by daily plastic products, with a value of 47.783 billion yuan, accounting for 20.69% The highest growth rate was in the manufacture of plastic sheets, tubes and profiles, with an export delivery value of 29.289 billion yuan, up by 22.89% year-on-year The lowest year-on-year growth rate was in the manufacture of plastic artificial leather and synthetic leather, with an export value of 5.187 billion yuan, up 0.35% . (see table 2)
III. Looking ahead
Wider areas of scientific and technological innovation.
At present, a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation is being gestated, and the wide penetration of information technology in the industrial field has triggered major changes in development concepts, technological systems, manufacturing models and value chains Synergy, intelligence, Green, service and so on are becoming the core values of manufacturing. Industrial Internet, big data, 3d printing and so on will restructure the manufacturing technology system Personalized products, high-end, small batch, customized production will be the future trend of manufacturing. The plastic processing industry should continue to promote the deep integration of “two modernization” , vigorously implement “Made in China 2025” , promote intelligent manufacturing, introduce digital and intelligent technology, realize the intelligent transformation of plastic processing, and build an industrial ecosystem Accelerating the intelligent development of plastics industry.
Build more core brands.
We will continue to take structural adjustment as an eternal theme, speed up efforts to move the industry onto the track of high-quality development driven by scientific and technological innovation, implement the National Action Plan for “three products” , and promote quality, variety and brand creation Take the consumer demand as the guidance to raise the product quality level, completes the brand establishment and the product quality promotion work, enhances the National Brand Competitive Power. The industry should look for the new growth way and the new growth point, carry forward the craftsman spirit, establish the fine manufacture idea, promote the product quality promotion, cultivate the brand, especially develop the independent brand, maintain the brand image, promote the brand added value.
Environmental Governance Policies and enforcement measures are becoming more stringent, affecting the current operation of the industry. The ban on the import of solid wastes has led to the adjustment of the waste plastics processing industry, affecting some application fields, products and the operating efficiency of enterprises. Enterprises should pay more attention to environmental protection, energy conservation and emission reduction in the production and application process, realize clean production and Ecologicalization, strengthen research and development of new environmental protection materials, and reduce the waste rate of products after consumption from the source. The government should encourage and support the development of the plastic recycling industry in order to improve the recycling rate of waste plastics, reduce the environmental pollution caused by plastic waste, and increase the R & D and Application of biodegradable plastics It is necessary to improve the innovation system, adjust the industrial structure, raise the level of equipment independence, create a new pattern for energy-saving and consumption-reducing in plastic processing industry, and promote the transformation and upgrading of plastic processing industry.
Actively explore new markets.